We all know to some extent the damage and devastation palm plantations and peat lands do to the world. That is why in this blog I will do my best to help you understand and educate yourself more with these very sad but true facts. If you are affected by any of the sections in this blog then please notice that feeling and do your very best not to disregard it.
Agricultural land for palm oil is a shocking 4.6 billion hectare’s. A hectare is an SI accepted metric system unit area equal to 100 acres (10,000 m2) used in measurement of land as a metric replacement for the imperial acre. So one hectare contains about 2.47 acres. Global supply for both the fats and oils are a mind blowing 32% compared to the likes of cotton at 2.7%, Sunflower 7.9% and Rapeseed 13.1%
1870’S- Malaysia was introduced to Palm oil from the British
1917- First commercial plantation in Tenamaran, Selangor.
1960’s – Malaysian government’s agricultural diversification programme designed to reduce rubber and tin. Palm oil production increases.
1960’s- Land settlement and schemes.
STAKE HOLDERS, GOVERNMENT & INDUSTRY
2. Processors & traders.
3. Consumer goods manufacture
5. Banks & Investors
6. Social & Development NGO’s
7. Renewable Energy
8. Consumers & Customers
Due to supporting companies and many of the public, private sectors and governments have begun to draw a response about palm production in recent years. Movement from Southeast Asian governments has made some significant effort, but there is still much more to be done. A moratorium (BAN) in 2010 by Indonesia was established on concessions for palm oil, logging and timber operations on primary forests and peat lands. By doing this Indonesia has responded to worsening haze conditions,by calling a halt for clearance and drainage of peat lands and restoration of those already drained. Malaysia has made some conscious effort to protect their rain forests but nowhere near as strong as Indonesia’s. The private sector-RSPO (Round Table Sustainable Palm Oil) was created to bring oil producers, non-governmental organizations (NGO’S), stakeholders together to improve and manage the sustainability of palm oil production. However current RSPO standards fall short in important respects. For example while primary forests are protected under RSPO regulations, secondary, disturbed or regenerating forests are left unprotected. Peat lands are also given limited protection under RSPO guidelines. So “RSPO-CERTIFIED” does not necessarily mean “deforestation free.”
I have focused on these two countries as this is where the most damage/danger is coming from at the moment. Take action towards the masses sign petitions write blogs tell family and friends, do whatever you need to do to make your voice heard and stand up for what is right. We can no longer ignore these issues and the fact that governments have started to realise this, is a massive shift in realisation that something has to be done. Below is a list of names substituted for palm oil that you should look out for.
Elaeis guineesis, Glyceryl, Etyl palmitate, Hydrogenated palm glycerides, Octyl palmitate, Palm oil fruit, Palm kernel, Palm kernel oil, Palm stearine, Palmate, Palmitate, Palmitic acid, Palmitoyl exostearamide, Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-3, Palmityl alcohol, Palmolemin, Sodium kernelate, Sodium laureth sulfate, Sodium lauryl lactylate/sulphate, Sodium lauryl sulfate, Sodium palm kermelate,Stearate, Stearic acid, Vegetable fat, Vegetable oil, cetyl, cetearyl, SDS,NaDS (Sodium) Caleium Stearoyl, Lactylate steareth-2, 20 Emulsifier, 422, 430-36, 465-67, 470-8, 481-483
For more information visit ‘SPOTT’ – SUSTAINABLE PALM OIL TRANSPARENCY TOOL KIT.
In just a few years from 2009-2011, approximately two thirds of animal habituation has been destroyed/converted to palm plantations. High demand for palm oil has skyrocketed since 2015 and 2017 is in serious trouble. By 2050 (depending on if there are still fish left in the ocean) corporations, businesses, governments have already started to make future plans for countries for plantations which means more life’s lost on both humanity and the animal kingdom. So all those sir David Attenbough documentary’s you loved could very much be simply nothing more, than another chapter in humanity’s “great” achievements.
The following countries up for this “great” lotto are more of Brazil, Democratic Republic of Congo, Peru, Columbia it is crucial that expansion does not continue to come at the expense of forests, human rights and trillions of life, around the world. But let’s concentrate on the problems we have now, catering for the high demand as people want more the demand gets higher, nuts, biscuits, bread, cleaning products, cosmetics the list goes on. Borneo, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia and most recently papa new quinoa, it’s estimated that much as 300 football fields that’s (15km) are cleared every hour to make space for plantation. The cheapest and quickest way to do this is to do something the industry calls SLASH AND BURN they cut a few trees down to then set on fire and so begins the list of animals.
First on my list is Orangutans. Even though we share 96.4% of our genes with these amazing animals they are in just as must danger and people still don’t hesitate to shoot them on sites. They often wander out on to plantations looking for food or loved ones lost in the fire, though sadly only small numbers ever survive the fires. As orangutans spend most of their life’s in tree tops as walking on ground is bad for their joints, the flames rise upwards making it near impossible to escape. We have slashed 80% of these wonderful animals in just 20 years.
Next on my list is Sumatran Tigers – one of my favourite animals – these beautiful creatures depend on the forest for camouflage to hunt food, they often escape the fires but wonder like many others on to plantations and are shoot on site and sold off to poachers for money because isn’t that what makes the world go round (sadly).
Bornean Pygmy Elephants – the smallest of the Elephant kingdom – like the tiger escapes most fires but often wanders along new roads made up making them very easy targets for poachers same with the Sumatran rhinoceros with the Elephants having just over 1,500 left in the wild and 100 Rhinos out of 800 since the 1980’s. Malayan sun bears killed on site because the dig up roots of the plantation for food and also are sold to poachers. It’s not just the big animals that suffer the birds, bugs and insects suffer too every living thing deserves to life a normal and happy life. Palm oil production takes a toll on biodiversity and human rights. 15% of native animals species can survive the transition from primary forest to plantation. Further more palm oil growers have also been accused of using forced labor, seizing land from local populations and other human rights abuses.
Peatlands which are carbon swamps associated with palm oil get drained and burnt 18-28 times more carbon than the forests above them. Unless all this carbon released into the atmosphere has a restored water table peatlands decay and continue to release warming emissions for decades. This super dangerous way of burning peatlands also releases a haze’s in to the air, resulting in health impacts and significant economic losses. 100,000 deaths in South east Asia can be attributed to particulated matter of exposure from landscape fires, many are peat fires. If we compare this to the recent fire in London and how affected us as humans where to this how can we ignore the mass destruction going on for others with no voice or protection it is morally wrong.
#NOPALMOIL #SAVE THE RAINFORESTS